The project assists the Province of Jiangsu to achieve its energy efficiency and climate change mitigation targets by transferring German experience and know-how on integrated energy concepts to key actors responsible for energy planning in urban areas and in industry.
China’s 13th Five-Year Plan has just been approved. On the national level, it requires a further 15% of energy savings and 18 percent reduction in the intensity of carbon emissions compared to 2015. As a highly advanced province, Jiangsu has to achieve above-average targets. Jiangsu’s energy saving and CO2-mitigation targets are set at 18% and 19% reduction per industry added value, respectively. In order to achieve “higher than the national level” CO2-emission reduction a low carbon economy will be promoted. Therefore, urgent efforts are underway to find innovative solutions which will make this possible.
Jiangsu’s cities have very good political conditions for developing into low carbon cities. Energy efficiency has been identified as the most cost-effective and climate-friendly low carbon strategy. There are also plans to incorporate unconventional, decentralized and renewable energy sources into the province’s energy supply. New integrated energy strategies designed for the long term for the renovation of existing buildings and urban quarters, enterprises and industrial parks can help to realize this goal. Such renovations are very high on the political agenda, but they are quite complex and require a deep understanding to be effective for many decades into the future.
Those responsible for energy planning are under tremendous pressure to achieve the political objectives despite having only limited knowledge of how to develop effective solutions and put them into practice.
The project assists Jiangsu with achieving the energy efficiency and climate change mitigation targets by making specialist knowledge available to those responsible for energy planning and energy saving renovations in urban areas and in industry and to empower them to plan and implement integrated energy systems effectively.
- drafting of common guidelines for the holistic planning of complex energy systems which can be applied widely and implemented over several years in Jiangsu;
- identification of pilot projects in which the planning and then implementation of integrated energy systems can be supported through regular expert advice (over several development stages);
- capacity building of key actors in cities and industry (e.g. policy decision makers, industry managers, members of low-carbon working groups, etc.) enabling them to implement integrated energy strategies, thereby creating positive lock-in effects.
Such positive lock-in effects ensure that the renovated buildings and developed infrastructure remains cost-effective, energy efficient and environmentally friendly for several decades throughout its lifespan.
The effectiveness of the climate change mitigation measures is ensured through a combination of political goals, target-group interests, transfer of German expertise, collaboration with low carbon working groups and the essential involvement of the private sector. Using appropriate dissemination activities ensures that measures are known and understood and can be replicated in new locations.
The cities of Jiangsu are setting themselves targets for reaching the peak level of greenhouse gas emissions well before 2030 helps. This helps to raise the political pressure to succeed. Another target, to create plus-energy zones, where eventually more energy will be generated from renewable sources than is needed, is suggested. This can achieve in a planned, economical, step by step way the maximum possible renovation effect without having to do again some of the earlier work.
The project results will also be available for use by other provinces, especially those with a similar climate characterized by hot summers and cold winters.
National Development and Reform Commission of the People’s Republic of China (NDRC)
German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
Jiangsu Provincial Development and Reform Commission (JDRC)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH